PDF Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA) and Its Role in U.S. Trade Policy

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A downside is that such actions can have less benign impacts, such as higher costs for consumers and job losses at businesses that must purchase the now higher-priced imports.

A supplement—or alternative—are income security and retraining programs to support people who have lost their jobs because of international trade competitiveness. Many developed countries have such programs, but some are more successful than others. The U. The TAA contains two core programs, one for workers which includes income assistance during unemployment, retraining, and relocation allowances, and one for businesses which includes loans, loan guarantees, technical assistance, and tax benefits.

Although there have been some minor and temporary modifications, the two core programs remain the center of the TAA.

Where liberalizing trade went wrong

The TAA was regrettably put in a damaging statutory straightjacket at birth. The level of proof to show injury is three-pronged and challenging. Applicants must show 1 serious injury 2 caused by imports 3 resulting from U. Finally, the process for applying for assistance is bureaucratic, inefficient, and can be expensive. The number of workers supported by the TAA has been unimpressive since the outset and this continues to this day. A recent U. This program seeks to provide adversely affected workers with opportunities to obtain the skills, credentials, resources, and support necessary to become reemployed.

The first step to receiving TAA benefits and services is to file a petition on-line or by mail with the U. The petition may be filed by:.

Upon receiving a petition, USDOL initiates an investigation to determine whether the circumstances of the layoff meet the group eligibility criteria established by the program. A petition identifies a worker group at a specific firm or subdivision and covers all individuals in that group.

Trade Adjustment Assistance Database - Public Citizen

Generally, if a worker is laid off, a petition must be submitted within one year of the layoff for that worker to be covered by the petition and the certification, if USDOL grants the petition. A group of workers may be eligible for TAA if their jobs are lost or threatened due to trade-related circumstances as determined by the USDOL investigation.

Workers in a certified group will be notified by their local Michigan Works!

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How much detail do I need to provide? Please provide as much information as possible. Any information you provide in this section will help OTAA to conduct its investigation. As a result, the company has lost business and laid us off. That plant was recently closed and certified eligible to apply for TAA. Can I still file a petition?

Chapter 8: The Labor Dilemma

Once a petition is filed, the Office of Trade Adjustment Assistance will conduct an investigation to determine whether foreign trade has contributed importantly to worker separations. This investigation may include collection of information from the company, customers of the company, and aggregate trade data as needed. Petitioners should still be as specific as possible about their reasons for believing layoffs are related to foreign trade. Q: Do I have to submit supplemental information? You are not required to submit supplemental information. However, we encourage you to submit any additional information you have about separations, production and sales, plant closings, customers and shift of productions that may assist OTAA in conducting an investigation.

Q: Who is a Company Official? A company official is an authorized representative of the company who can provide information on the actual or threatened worker separations.

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In addition, this official must have knowledge or access to company information regarding sales, production, customers, and trade impacts. Company officials can be supervisors, managers, and human resources specialists. If the company is closed, company officials can be former company officials, former owners, bankruptcy trustees, or attorneys representing the company.

Q: Why do I have to provide information for two current company officials? The information about current company officials enables OTAA to immediately begin to collect the information necessary to conduct the investigation. Omitting company official information may increase the time necessary to issue a determination.

Q: What if I do not have the contact information for two current company officials? Please provide as much information as you have available to you, including phone and fax numbers and an email address. If the company is closed, company officials can be former company officials, former owners, bankruptcy trustees or attorneys representing the company.

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  4. Q: What is the date of petition? The date of petition is the date on the petition form next to the signature s of the petitioner s. The petition must be received by OTAA no later than 30 calendar days from this date. Q: Whose signature belongs here? When a group of three workers is filing the petition, all three workers must sign the petition. Q: What happens if I have forgotten to sign the petition?

    The signature is an attestation by the petitioner s that, to the best of their knowledge and belief, the information provided in the petition is true, correct, and complete. Every petition filed with the Department of Labor must be signed. If signatures are missing from the petition form, the petition will be returned as incomplete with an explanation.

    You may resubmit the petition, with the requisite signature s , at any time. Q: If we are filing as a group of three workers, do all three of us need to sign? If you are filing the petition as a group of three workers, all three workers named in Section 1 of the petition form must sign the petition form. If only one or two of the petitioning workers sign the petition, the petition will be returned as incomplete. You may resubmit a new petition, with all signatures, at any time.

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    Updated: August 21,