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The journal Saxony's Church Gallery Sachsens Kirchen-Galerie from contains references to the size of the trunk and compares it to other lime trees: "There is a lime tree in the churchyard of Kaditz, which is remarkable due to its circumference and great age. A lime tree in Swabia with a girth of 18 ells is listed as the oldest and strongest in Germany. The ancient tree is hollow, and the diameter of its cavity totals 5 ells.

It is neither the tree's height, nor the spread of its branches that makes it peculiar. Without doubt, it is its girth and its great age which lets the tree compete with the most famous of the oldest trees of Saxony, and even top them. According to a not improbable report given by older residents, the old trunk of the lime tree served as a pillory for those who had forfeited church penance; and indeed some iron rings and clips, almost completely overgrown by the bark, can still be found in the trunk.

It appears that in the more recent centuries it was frequently necessary to saw off the far too high and strong branches, partly because they were disadvantageous for the roof of the church and the rectory, and partly because they had threatened to tear apart and destroy the trunk, which became increasingly hollow. This created over time the big, chimney-like holes in the trunk, through which many a jocund fellow crawled in order to present his head merrily to his playmates as a young fruit of the old tree.

The municipality of Kaditz lost its autonomy and became part of Dresden in The village lime tree became a city idyll , as it was extolled on postcards. The girth measured It shows a large, carved stone eagle that faces the tree. Around very old graves around the roots of the lime tree were exposed and cleared. Over the years a very small second trunk had grown out of the hollow of the trunk, which was open on one side. The space between both trunk segments grew over time.

The pastor at the time, Karl-Heinz Scharf, devoted himself to the history of the lime tree. This contributed to the tree's popularity and consequently, around , bridal couples began visiting the tree after the church ceremony. With this Scharf sought to symbolise the shared path through life that newlyweds must stick to in the face of whatever obstacles. The lattice fence protecting the tree was removed for these services.

The lime tree was named the "flagship of all lime trees" in Since that year, the trunk of the lime tree has been protected by two new lattice fences. On 3 September the area was declared a natural monument, along with 30 further trees, according to a resolution passed by Dresden city council. This has resulted in regular checks and care of the tree. In the crown was braced at a cost of roughly 7, British pounds. In a Swiss firm applied for the rights to a gravel quarry in the Kaditzer area, which would have extended beyond the year This would have caused the water table to sink so low as to dry out the lime tree.

Dresden's regional city council however rejected the application after countless residents and members of open institutions had voiced their opposition. In , a branch of the smaller part of the trunk was on the verge of breaking off with the upper part of the bark, so it had to be supported by a metal strut.

During the flood of the century in Kaditz was completely enclosed by water; the lower districts were flooded. Ebooks

The flood water flowed over the high cemetery wall and submerged the graves in the cemetery. The water stopped at the highest point of the area, on the threshold of the church and just in front of the lime tree's main trunk. In , the new sign and a new information board were placed next to the old natural monument with the owl.

In recent times too there have been regular reports about the lime tree in both newspapers and books. After it burned down to a torso in the village fire of , the lime tree next to the Kaditz church still bears new shoots every spring.

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With an estimated age of a thousand years, the Kaditz lime tree is the oldest tree in Dresden. Before the fire in the trunk was, in fact, already hollow, but it was completely sealed. During the fire a section of the trunk was charred and it formed a hole. The hole expanded when the tree later lost another main bough, as the part of the tree supporting it was rotten and collapsed under the weight.

Over time the trunk divided into two halves, which increasingly grew apart. The larger trunk was not damaged by fire in and is unusually sturdy and has lots of holes. Since the beginning of the 19th century numerous reports have given concrete measurements that differ in units of length. Although having decreased in girth because of the huge fire in , the lime tree still had more than 10 metres of girth when it was measured back in the 19th century. In Sachsens Kirchen-Galerie i.

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The interior of the Emmaus Church was redesigned in the Baroque style from to and a ceiling painting was added. The fresco depicts an apocalyptical angel with five candleholders.

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In the background there is an enormous tree, which appears odd due to its girth and size: it is thus supposed to depict the Kaditz lime tree. The copperplate engraving from is attributed to the artist Johann Christian Klengel and depicts the tree among the graves in the Kaditz churchyard and is the oldest known pictorial representation of the tree. During a fire in east Kaditz in the parsonage too was damaged, whilst the lime tree was once again barely touched.

A lithograph from approximately by the artist Gustav Taubert shows the burned out parsonage with the lime tree and church in the background. In Napoleon's soldiers trooped through the village past the lime tree. Every year on the day of Saint John the Baptist a traditional evensong is held with the church's faithful and after that a collective singing of folk songs takes place. During the Football World Cup the first match with German participation was broadcast in a public viewing event under the lime tree. Concerts, belonging to a series of concerts called "Orgel plus", are staged in the Emmaus Church several times a year.

After the concerts people meet for a gemuetlich gathering under the lime tree and drink beverages together. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe visited Dresden a total of seven times. During his final stay in Dresden in August or already in he is said to have visited the Kaditz Lime Tree and to have been very impressed by its superb figure and its high age.

Goethe's visit is said to be noted in a book although it is not known which book it is. German uses diacritics over several letters, i. These diacritics are not optional in German because the pronunciation and meaning of a word will be changed depending on whether the diacritic is added or omitted. For data entry and some searches, it is useful to know how to create these characters. Note: Do not use diacritics when searching in the FamilySearch Catalog. From a PC keyboard, these letters may be created by using the following keystroke combinations. Make sure the number lock is on. German letters with diacritic marks will be alphabetized in this publication as though they were a, o, u, and ss.

However, many dictionaries and gazetteers will alphabetize these characters as if they were ae, oe, ue, and ss. Because spelling rules were not standardized in earlier centuries, spelling variations are common. Local dialect often affects the spelling in genealogical records.

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In German records, the following letters are sometimes used interchangeably:. This word list includes only words most commonly found in genealogical sources. For further help, use a German-English dictionary. These are in the European collection. The call numbers begin with To find and use specific types of German records, you will need to know some key words in German.

This section gives key genealogical terms in English and the German words with the same or similar meanings. For example, in the first column you will find the English word marriage. In the second column you will find German words with meanings such as marry, marriage, wedding, wedlock, unite, joined, and other words used in German records to indicate marriage. A more extensive list of month names in German. German birth and death records often indicated the exact time of day when the birth or death occurred.

This is usually written out. Sometimes a symbol is used in German genealogical sources rather than abbreviations.

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There are many different words meaning "farmer" in German.